The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic in Pakistan

Authors

  • Shabnum Sibtain Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Azra Naheed Medical College, Superior University Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Aaleen Azeez Azra Naheed Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan.

Abstract

Objective: COVID-19 is a public health international emergency. The objective is to gain the understanding on how this virus
affects the human body and what were the risk factors affecting the morbidity and mortality.
Materials and Methods: The data was collected from Chaudhry Muhammad Akram research and teaching hospital. The data was collected
from the patient notes and the Performa’s were filled. The population for study were in the age range of 30 to 70 years and both males and
females were included. The pregnant women were not included in this study. The notes of patients were taken from the year 2021.
Results: This retrospective study included hospitalized patients. The total patients included in this study were fifty. The symptoms studied were
fatigue, fever, cough and shortness of breath. All the patients admitted complained of fatigue (100%). 21(42%) patients had fever. 23 patient
(46%) complained of cough and 21(42%) had shortness of breath. The male admitted were 31 (62%) and females were 19. (38%) There were
3 patients (6%) admitted in the age ranging from 30-40 years, ten (20%) were 41-50 years, sixteen(32%) were 51-60 years old and twenty
one(42%) were 61-70 years old. 40 (80%) patients completely recovered, 2 (4%)patients were referred to other hospital because of lack of
required facilities. Twenty patients (40%) admitted had existing medical problem. Eight patients (16%) who were on ventilators had co
morbidities like hypertension, diabetes, and obesity died. There were two women and six men who died.
Conclusion: Our study concluded having any comorbidity increased the risk of hospital fatality with COVID-19. The data suggested that more
males were admitted as compared to females. The fatality was more in male compared to females. Male sex can be identified as a risk factor
for death. Most of patients belonged to group 51-70 years age. The survival rate in our study was 80%.

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Published

2022-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Sibtain S, Azeez A. The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic in Pakistan. Nat J Health Sci [Internet]. 2022Jun.30 [cited 2024May20];7(2):73-6. Available from: https://ojs.njhsciences.com/index.php/njhs/article/view/313

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Section

Research Article