Protective Effect of Nigella Sativa on Taurocholate Induced Pancreatitis in Rats
Introduction: Acute necrotizing pancreatitis with a high mortality rate and the search for treatment continues. We investigated the
protective effect of Nigella Sativa (NS), with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, in experimental acute necrotizing pancreatitis.
Materials and Methods: Thirty six male Wistar albino rats (weights 180-220 g) were randomised into four groups. Group 1 (Control): Rats
were given standard mouse chow. No pro-drug or pancreatic intervention was performed. Group 2 (NS): In addition to their standard diet, rats
were given 0.1 ml/100gr of NS orally for 3 days prior to the experiment. Group 3: Necrotizing pancreatitis was induced by retrograde
administration of 3% Na-Taurocholate through the distal common bile duct of the rats on on experiment day. Group 4 (NS+ANP): Necrotizing
pancreatitis was also formed in rats receiving 0.1ml/100 mg of NS for 3 days. Rats were given high-dose anesthesia 8 hours after the onset of
pancreatitis. Immunohistochemical (TNF-a, MDA, MPO, Caspase), histological pancreatitis scoring and biochemical (LDH, Lipase, amylase)
analyzes were performed from the blood and pancreatic tissue samples obtained.
Results: There was no difference in histopathological, immunohistochemical and biochemical values between Group 1 and Group 2 (p>0.05).
There were significiant differences between Group 4 and Group 3 in terms of histopathological, immunohistochemical and biochemical
parameters (p<0.001). The pancreatitis findings of the Group 4 were found to be significantly milder than Group 3, which did not receive NS.
Conclusion: NS pretreatment alleviates NaTaurocholate-induced experimental pancreatitis. NS firstly studied in experimental models of