Substantiation of Multinational Association for Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC) Score in Risk Assessment of Febrile Neutropenic Patients in Hematological Disorders: A Regional Study from Pakistan
Keywords:MASCC, Febrile neutropenia, Leukemia, Hematological disorders, Cytotoxic chemotherapy
Abstract: Background: The incidence of neutropenia in hematological malignancies comprises of huge burden of febrile neutropenia. Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC) risk index score is the most widely used model for forecast of complications.
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine diagnostic accuracy of MASCC scoring system in febrile neutropenia patients suffering from hematological disorders.
Materials & Methods: Patients suffering from hematological disorders and presenting with febrile neutropenia were stratified into low and high risk groups according to MASSC score. The standard score range from 0 to 26 points; score of more than or equals to 21 were considered to be low risk and score of less than 21 was high-risk category. As an in-patient at National Institute of Blood Disease & Bone Marrow Transplantation, they were followed over the course of illness for development of any serious medical condition until resolution of febrile neutropenia.